Effects of Motivational Interviewing and Wearable Fitness Trackers on Motivation and Physical Activity in Inactive Adults

Effects of Motivational Interviewing and Wearable Fitness Trackers on Motivation and Physical Activity in Inactive Adults

Despite tremendous adoption of wearable fitness trackers by adults, it is unclear if they affect physical activity engagement or motivation. In a paper published in the Journal of Sports Sciences, Dr. Kayla Nuss, Klein Buendel Scientist, and her research collaborators reported on a study to examine the combined effects of motivational interviewing and wearable fitness trackers on motivation and physical activity in inactive adults.

The authors hypothesized that combining a wearable fitness tracker (such as a FitBit®) with an effective intervention (motivational interviewing), would positively influence both motivation and physical activity. To test the hypothesis, a 12-week randomized controlled trial was conducted with 40 adults who did not meet physical activity recommendations. The four comparison groups were: (1) physical activity education only (educational control) with 10 participants, (2) use of a wearable fitness tracker (WFT) with 10 participants, (3) bi-weekly motivational interviewing sessions with 10 participants, or (4) both motivational interviewing and WFT (WFT+) with 10 participants.

Motivation and physical activity were measured though an online survey and actigraphy (a method to objectively estimate physical activity) pre- and post-intervention. Both the WFT+ and motivational interviewing groups scored higher in autonomy, competence, and relatedness for physical activity compared to the control group, which is associated with higher quality, or more autonomous forms of motivation. Further, both groups did show improvements in autonomous forms of motivations (such as interest or enjoyment) and decreased controlled forms of motivation (such as pressure or reward). Detailed descriptions of the study’s methods, recruitment efforts, measures, data analysis, outcomes, and limitations can be found in the Journal of Sports Sciences publication.

The authors detected no changes in physical activity. High autonomous motivation at baseline predicted higher post-intervention physical activity in the WFT+ group, but predicted lower post-intervention physical activity in the WFT group. The results of the study suggest that motivational interviewing alone or with a wearable fitness tracker can improve basic psychological needs and autonomous forms of motivation for physical activity, but not physical activity participation. The authors conclude that individual differences in motivation at baseline may moderate the effect of a wearable fitness tracker on physical activity. The findings add to the growing body of evidence that wearable fitness trackers can have some positive effect on adult’s physical activity.

This research was supported by Colorado State University Department of Health and Exercise Science (Dr. Kayla Nuss, Project Director). Collaborating authors included Ms. Kristen Moore from the University of Southern California; Dr. Tasha Marchant from the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center; Dr. Jimikaye Beck Courtney from the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill; and Ms. Kathryn Edwards, Dr. Julia Sharp, Dr. Tracy Nelson, and Dr. Kaigang Li from Colorado State University.

Collaborator Spotlight:
Dr. Robert Saltz

Collaborator Spotlight:
Dr. Robert Saltz

Dr. Robert Saltz

Robert Saltz, Ph.D. is a Senior Research Scientist at the Prevention Research Center within the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE) in Berkeley, California. He received his Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of Massachusetts. His research explores ways in which drinking context may influence the risk of subsequent injury or death. He has extensive experience researching “responsible beverage service” programs aimed at having bar and restaurant personnel intervene with patrons to reduce the risk of intoxication or driving while impaired.

Dr. Saltz collaborated with Dr. W. Gill Woodall and Dr. David Buller from Klein Buendel on the development, evaluation, and commercialization of the WayToServe® responsible beverage service training program in English (AA014982; W. Gill Woodall, Principal Investigator) and Spanish (MD010405; Dr. W. Gill Woodall, Principal Investigator), and the TrainToTend® responsible cannabis vendor training program (DA038933; Dr. David Buller, Principal Investigator).

Currently, Dr. Saltz is working with Dr. Buller and Dr. Woodall on two research projects. One is a PIRE project to assess the impact of California’s new mandatory responsible beverage service (RBS) training law intended to prevent alcohol-involved motor vehicle crashes and other harms. The research is funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (Dr. Robert Saltz, Principal Investigator). The study is examining whether there is a significant reduction in single nighttime motor vehicle injury crashes after implementation of the mandatory responsible beverage service training law, controlling for other factors in California that may influence this outcome, and the national trend in fatal alcohol-involved motor vehicle crashes. The training program that will be implemented is the WayToServe® online RBS training program developed and evaluated by PIRE, Klein Buendel, and the University of New Mexico.

The other is a Klein Buendel project developing and testing an in-service professional development component for alcohol servers trained by WayToServe to enhance its effectiveness. WayToServe Plus is intended to motivate servers to implement the responsible beverage service skills in the face of common barriers, provide support for responsible beverage service actions from a “community” of alcohol servers, and prevent natural degradation of skills over time. The in-service training is delivered through the WayToServe Facebook page that currently is followed by over 20,000 alcohol servers trained by WayToServe. This project is funded by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (AA029364; Dr. W. Gill Woodall and Dr. David Buller, Multiple Principal Investigators).

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Scaling Media Literacy in a School District Environment

Scaling Media Literacy in a School District Environment

Implementation science, the study of methods and strategies that facilitate the uptake of evidence-based practices, is emerging as a framework to study the application of media literacy. Implementation science emerged in the public health field, and is just becoming known and applied in media literacy programs.

A research team led by Dr. Tessa Jolls from the Center for Media Literacy in California, and including Dr. Barbara Walkosz from Klein Buendel, conducted a panel discussion at the Global Media Education Summit held March 2-4, 2023 at Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, Canada. The panel was entitled, “Implementation Science: The Road to Scaling in a District Environment.” Two additional panelists included Dr. Marilyn Cohen from the University of Washington and Ms. Heather Van Benthuysen from the Chicago Public Schools.

The research team discussed the rising field of implementation science and presented an example underway in a U.S. school district. Relying on theories of change and rigorous evaluations of programming that exemplify these theories of change, the panelists described how implementation science provides a solid foundation for dissemination, scaling, and helping media literacy take its rightful place as a central educational offering. The panelists illustrated how implementation science works to strengthen and sustain media literacy in schools.

The Global Media Education Summit is convened by the UK’s Centre for Excellence in Media Practice, in collaboration with a leading media education space, in a different country each year. In 2023, the School of Communication and the Community Engaged Research Initiative at Simon Fraser University hosted the event, in partnership with the McLuhan Foundation. The Global Media Education Summit brings together an international network of researchers, educators, and practitioners across all aspects of media education, media and digital literacies, youth media production and media and technology in education. As the leading global showcase for research, pedagogy, and innovation, the Summit explores the changing currents across media education and media literacy communities around the world.

A Protocol for Cross-Tailoring Integrative Alcohol and Risky Sexual Behavior Feedback for College Students

A Protocol for Cross-Tailoring Integrative Alcohol and Risky Sexual Behavior Feedback for College Students

A research team led by Dr. Anne Ray from the University of Kentucky, and including Dr. David Buller from Klein Buendel, has published (online ahead of print) the protocol for  an active research project in JMIR Research Protocols. The study is designed to curb drinking and risky sexual behavior by first-year college students using an innovative, cross-tailored, dynamic feedback (CDF) component. The intervention purposefully integrates content on the relationship between alcohol use and risky sexual behavior and leverages technology to incorporate daily assessments of student behavior and deliver weekly dynamic feedback.

Two-thirds of college students are current drinkers of alcoholic beverages. One in three college students report past month binge drinking (five or more drinks in a row), and one in ten report high intensity drinking (ten or more drinks in a row). Greater student alcohol consumption and heavy drinking on a given day are linked to increased sexual activity and risky sexual behavior, such as unprotected sex and sex with casual partners. This puts students at risk for negative health outcomes, such as sexually-transmitted infections, and other harmful consequences, such as sexual victimization.

A hybrid effectiveness-implementation design will allow the investigators to evaluate the effectiveness of the integrated personalized feedback intervention (PFI) with 600 first-year college students at two college sites in a randomized controlled trial. In addition, formative evaluation with local and national stakeholders (such as students and student affairs staff) will help to better understand factors that influence implementation and ensure its success and sustained use.

According the paper’s abstract: “This study utilizes a hybrid type 1 effectiveness-implementation design and will be conducted in three phases. Phase 1 is a stakeholder-engaged PFI+CDF adaptation guided by focus groups and usability testing. In Phase 2, 600 first-year college students who drink and are sexually active will be recruited from two sites (n=300 per site) to participate in a 4-group randomized controlled trial to examine the effectiveness of PFI+CDF in reducing alcohol-related RSB. Eligible participants will complete a baseline survey during the first week of the semester and follow-up surveys at 1, 2, 3, 6, and 13 months postbaseline. Phase 3 is a qualitative evaluation with stakeholders to better understand relevant implementation factors.” Intervention, recruitment, and implementation plans are described in JMIR Research Protocols.

This research is supported by a grant from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism at the National Institutes of Health (AA028246; Dr. Anne Ray, Principal Investigator). Collaborators include Dr. David Buller (Co-Investigator) from Klein Buendel. Klein Buendel’s Creative Team is developing the technology-delivered program for college students.

Adapting a Sun Safety Program for Low-Risk Outdoor Workers

Adapting a Sun Safety Program for Low-Risk Outdoor Workers

Ultraviolet radiation (UV) from the sun is an occupational hazard that causes skin cancer. Outdoor workers are disproportionately Hispanic and African American (AA). Though risk for skin cancer is greater for non-Hispanic Whites, Hispanics and AAs are more likely to die from skin cancer as a result of delays in detection. Interviews (n=32) and an online survey (n=81) were conducted with a predominantly male, Hispanic, and AA sample of outdoor workers to inform the systematic adaptation of an existing evidence-based workplace sun safety program. The goal was to learn how to target messaging to underrepresented outdoor workers with darker skin types.

The interview sample was largely male (87%), Hispanic (78%), and AA (25%). Interviews were qualitatively reviewed to identify common themes. Most employees reported not getting sunburned while at work. Some reported skin darkening as a negative consequence. Sun protection is not a topic usually discussed with others but skin cancer is a concern. They reported engaging in sun protection, but not frequently wearing sunscreen. They were positive about receiving sun safety training at work and suggested it be combined with heat stroke prevention, which is a common training topic. The survey sample also was largely male (74%), Hispanic (25%), and AA (58%). Respondents reported an average of 2.66 sunburns in the past year, 85% occurring at work. They learned about sun protection most often from parents (46%), followed by employers (37%) and healthcare providers (37%). Only half (49%) reported being very confident they can practice sun safety. Limiting time outside during high UV (46%) and wearing sunscreen (35%) were the least used forms of sun protection reported. Participants in the interviews and survey listed avoiding sunburn, preventing skin darkening, and preventing heat stroke as benefits of sun safety training.

Overall, employees with darker skin types knew about UV protection and often put the knowledge into practice on the job. Motivation based on perceived risk for skin cancer and self-efficacy could be improved, especially with regard to sunscreen. Other appearance and health concerns, such as preventing heat illnesses in this period of climate-driven extreme heat events, may be highlighted to motivate sun protection among outdoor workers with darker skin types. Employers are an important source of sun safety information for these employees, since many do not talk about it with other people in their lives.

This formative research is supported by the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health under award number CA257778 (Mary Buller, Klein Buendel President, Principal Investigator). Collaborators from Klein Buendel include Dr. Barbara Walkosz, Ms. Julia Berteletti, and Ms. Irene Adjei.

EUROGIN HPV Panel Presentation

EUROGIN HPV Panel Presentation

Klein Buendel Senior Scientists, Dr. W. Gill Woodall and Dr. David Buller, presented two research projects in a panel discussion at the EUROGIN International Multidisciplinary HPV Congress on Feb 8-11, 2023 in Bilbao, Spain. The “Digital Interventions to Increase HPV Vaccination” panel featured four presentations and was moderated by Dr. Greg Zimet from the University of Indiana. Other Klein Buendel scientists and staff (at the time of abstract submission) contributing as co-authors included Dr. Barbara Walkosz, Ms. Marita Brooks, Ms. Lila Martinez, and Ms. Jeanny Reither. Klein Buendel employees’ names are bolded.

Presentation 1

Title: “Randomized Trials of HPV Vaccine Uptake Improvement: Web Apps for Parents and Young Adolescent Girls and Boys”

Presenter: W. Gill Woodall, PhD, Senior Scientist, Klein Buendel, Inc. Albuquerque, NM, USA

Co-authors: A. Kong, G. Zimet, D. Buller, L. Chilton, J. Reither, L. Martinez, M. Brooks

This presentation discussed the results of two randomized trials of parent-focused web apps to improve HPV vaccine uptake for young adolescents (ages 11-14).  For the first trial, the web app was tailored to parents and young adolescent girls, and in the second trial, the web app was tailored to parents and young adolescent boys. Results of both trials indicated significant web app impact on HPV vaccine uptake for adolescent girls and boys, as well as other vaccine uptake related variables.  The discussion included a consideration of web app content and tailoring to determine HPV vaccine uptake improvement.

Presentation 2

Title: “Successful technology-based rural patient HPV vaccination reminder intervention and social media assessment of strategies to reduce HPV vaccine misinformation”

Presenter: Deanna Kepka, PhD, MPH, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA

Co-authors: K. Christini, E. McGough, B. Gibson, E. Warner, H. Brandt

This presentation described a multi-level and multi-component intervention that included healthcare team training activities and technology-based HPV vaccination reminders. Missed opportunities for HPV vaccination declined significantly from the pre-intervention to the post-intervention period. Participants who recalled receipt of an electronically delivered vaccination reminder had higher unadjusted odds of scheduling a visit compared with those who did not recall receiving a reminder. Social media-delivered misinformation related to HPV vaccination is pervasive. The presenters also discussed new strategies to evaluate and reduce the impact of HPV vaccine misinformation in rural settings.

Presentation 3

Title: “Promoting HPV vaccination to emerging adults in rural communities in a multi-risk factor cancer prevention social media intervention”

Presenter: David Buller, PhD, Senior Scientist, Klein Buendel, Inc., Denver, CO, USA

Co-authors: A. Sussman, D. Kepka, W. G. Woodall, E. Warner, B. Walkosz

This presentation described an innovative social media campaign targeting six cancer risk factors, including HPV vaccination. It is being developed for the diverse population of adults aged 18-26 in rural counties in the Mountain West region of the U.S. Emerging adults obtain health information online far more than information from health care providers and other media. A framework for social media message development was presented based on social cognitive, self-determination, and diffusion of innovation theory. Misinformation, especially on vaccination, will be combatted by instructing emerging adults in digital and media and by using an epidemiological model of monitoring and quickly responding to correct misinformation. The campaign will be tested with a sample of 1000 emerging adults in a stepped-wedge quasi-experimental design.

Presentation 4

Title: “U.S. National Digital Point of Care Communication to Improve Uptake of HPV and Other Adolescent Vaccines in Clinic Settings”

Presenter: Judy Klein, BA, BS, President, UNITY Consortium, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Co-authors: G. Zimet, V. Agadi, C. Hu, A. Jaramillo

This presentation reported on a study that involved digital targeted adolescent vaccination infographics and videos widely disseminated to clinical practices throughout the U.S. Over 11,000 clinicians whose practices received these digital interventions (exposed condition) were matched to an equal number of non-exposed comparison practices matched on multiple practice characteristics. The outcomes of interest were the number of vaccine doses (Tetanus-diphtheria-pertussis booster or Tdap, HPV, MenACWY, and MenB) administered to patients 11-18 years of age. The exposed clinics showed significant increases in administration of adolescent vaccines, including HPV vaccine, compared to the non-exposed clinics.

A Protocol for a Facebook Intervention for Young Melanoma Survivors and Their Families

A Protocol for a Facebook Intervention for Young Melanoma Survivors and Their Families

Individuals diagnosed with melanoma before the age of 40 (young-onset melanoma survivors) and their first-degree relatives (FDRs) are a growing population at risk for developing recurrent melanoma or new melanomas. Regular surveillance using clinical skin examination (CSE) and skin self-examination (SSE), and engagement in preventive behaviors including sun protection are recommended. Given the growing population of young melanoma survivors and their families who are at increased risk, it is surprising that no behavioral interventions have been developed and evaluated to improve risk-reduction behaviors.

In response, 16 researchers from ten institutions and organizations have developed an intervention and published its protocol in JMIR Research Protocols. Ultimately, the intervention is designed to improve skin cancer prevention and screening for young-onset melanoma survivors and their families. The authors believe the intervention’s delivery via Facebook will increase its impact because of the dissemination potential.

The randomized controlled trial will evaluate the efficacy of a Facebook intervention providing information, goal setting, and peer support to increase CSE, SSE, and sun protection for young-onset melanoma survivors and their FDRs. A sample of over 500 melanoma survivors and their FDRs will be randomly assigned to either the Young Melanoma Family Facebook Group or another Facebook group control condition. Before and after the intervention, study participants will complete measures of CSE, SSE, sun protection, attitudes, and beliefs. An additional objective is to evaluate the efficacy of the Facebook interventions on perceived stress, physical activity, and healthy eating behaviors.

The authors plan to complete study enrollment by late 2023. Data analysis will employ multilevel modeling with family as the upper-level sampling unit and individual as the lower-level sampling unit. According to the authors, “Fixed effect predictors in these models will include condition, role, sex, all 2- and 3-way interactions, and covariates.” If effective, the Young Melanoma Family Facebook program could be disseminated by dermatology practices, public health and nonprofit melanoma organizations, and existing melanoma and skin cancer Facebook groups, expanding its reach.

Paper Authors and Affiliations

Dr. Sharon Manne, Dr. Carolyn Heckman, Sara Frederick, Mara Domider, and Marissa Grosso:  Behavioral Sciences, Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey

Dr. Sherry Pagoto:  Department of Allied Health Sciences, College of Agriculture, Health and Natural Resources, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticutt

Dr. Susan Peterson:  Department of Behavioral Science, Division of Cancer Prevention and Population Sciences, MD Anderson Cancer Center, The University of Texas, San Antonio, Texas

Dr. Deborah Kashy:  College of Social Science, Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan

Dr. Adam Berger:  Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey

Dr. Christina Studts: Pediatrics – General Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado

Dr. Rosalyn Negron: College of Liberal Arts, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, Massachusetts

Dr. David Buller: Klein Buendel, Inc, Golden, Colorado

Dr. Lisa Paddock and Alexandria Kulik: Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey

Joseph Gallo: Hackensack Meridian Jersey Shore Medical Center, Hackensack Meridian Health, Neptune City, New Jersey

Morgan Pesanelli: School of Public Health, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey

This project was supported by a grant from the National Cancer Institute to Rutgers University (CA221854; Dr. Sharon Manne, Principal Investigator). Dr. David Buller, Klein Buendel Director of Research, is a Co-Investigator on the project.

Collaborator Spotlight:
Dr. Andrew Sussman

Collaborator Spotlight:
Dr. Andrew Sussman

Dr. Andrew Sussman

Andrew Sussman, Ph.D., MCRP, is an Associate Professor in the Department of Family and Community Medicine at the University of New Mexico (UNM) and the Associate Director of the Office of Community Outreach and Engagement at the UNM Cancer Center. He received his Ph.D. from the University of New Mexico.

Dr. Sussman focuses his research efforts on primary health and cancer care delivery research and patient-provider counseling dynamics among health disparity populations in New Mexico. He also has research interests in clinical decision making, health service delivery, community-based participatory research, and health disparities in community settings. He also has expertise in qualitative and mixed method research, formative assessment, and process evaluation.

Currently, Dr. Sussman is serving as a Multiple Principal Investigator along with Klein Buendel’s Dr. David Buller on the study, #4Corners4Health: A Social Media Cancer Prevention Program for Rural Emerging Adults (CA268037). This study aims to aid rural emerging adults (aged 18-26 years) in making informed decisions that reduce cancer risk factors and prevent cancer later in life and help emerging adults evaluate and resist misinformation and marketing that promote cancer risk behaviors. This will be accomplished using a social media campaign designed with community advisors for diverse young adults living in rural counties in the Four Corners states (AZ, CO, NM, and UT). Social media may reach emerging adults more than interventions through other community channels (for example, clinics, schools, and workplaces) and for lower cost in the geographically-dispersed, underserved rural communities in the Mountain West.

Collaborator Spotlight:
Dr. Wendy Hadley

Collaborator Spotlight:
Dr. Wendy Hadley

Wendy Hadley, PhD, is an Associate Professor in the Department of Counseling Psychology and Human Services in the College of Education at the University of Oregon. She is also the Julie and Keith Thomson Faculty Chair and HEDCO Clinic Director at the University of Oregon.  

Dr. Wendy Hadley

Dr. Hadley received her doctoral degree in clinical child psychology and behavioral medicine from the University of Memphis in 2003. She went on to complete a postdoctoral fellowship with the Brown University Clinical Consortium. Dr. Hadley has worked with many pediatric patients and their families, including those affected by cancer, HIV, feeding disorders, cardiac issues, and obesity.  

In addition to her clinical work, Dr Hadley conducts research on adolescent health issues such as obesity, substance use, and risky sexual behaviors. Her recent work has focused on the development and evaluation of interventions focusing on parent-child communication, parental monitoring, and adolescent emotion regulation skills. Some of her work uses web-based technology to deliver and enhance the interventions. 

Dr. Hadley is currently working as a Co-Investigator on a collaborative web-based project with Dr. Christopher Houck (Principal Investigator) from Rhode Island Hospital and its parent organization Lifespan Health Systems.  The program is called iTRAC, which stands for “Talking about Risk and Adolescent Choices.” The research is funded by an STTR Fast-Track grant to Klein Buendel from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (Dr. Christopher Houck, Principal Investigator; HD110333). The goal of the project is to convert the previously existing TRAC program to a web app format while integrating emotional regulation and sexual health education. The program targets young adolescents (ages 12-14 years) at a crucial time of development in order to provide them with evidence-based approaches to manage emotional situations and risky behavior. Additional Co-Investigators include Dr. David Barker from Rhode Island Hospital and Ms. Julia Berteletti from Klein Buendel.  

2022 Research Highlights

2022 Research Highlights

Klein Buendel celebrated its 20th Anniversary in 2022! Our scientists and staff continued to pursue rigorous behavioral science research with numerous national and international collaborators. Our creative team designed and engineered multiple web-based programs to positively impact the health and safety of people’s everyday lives.

In 2022, we launched four new prime research projects and started two new subaward collaborations with Emory University and Harvard University. We published (or e-published ahead of print) ten research papers in peer-reviewed journals and presented research analyses and outcomes at eight regional, national or international conferences.

In February, a targeted version of our WayToServe responsible alcohol server training program was launched for the state of California by our licensee, Wedge Communications. WayToServe is now sold in Colorado, California, New Mexico, Oregon, and Washington.

In September, we welcomed a new Scientist, Dr. Kayla Nuss, to Klein Buendel. Dr. Nuss’ research interests center on motivation for physical activity, how wearable technology supports or thwarts motivation in various populations, and how to optimize wearable technology to support the development and maintenance of engagement in physical activity. Dr. Nuss graduated with a Ph.D. in Bioenergetics from Colorado State University in 2021.

In October, Dr. David Buller, Director of Research, participated in a discussion on responsible vendor practices for alcohol and cannabis sponsored by the New Jersey Prevention Network.  

In December, Dr. Barbara Walkosz, Senior Scientist, gave a presentation for NATO and the Center for Media Literacy. The webinar was about the pandemic, the dangers of misinformation, health communication, and media literacy.

Prime Projects Launched in 2022

“Computer-based Learning to Enhance ADRD Care in Prison: Just Care for Dementia.” Phase I STTR grant to Klein Buendel from the National Institute on Aging (AG078103; Dr. Susan Loeb from Penn State University, Principal Investigator).

“Translation of an In-Person Brief, Bystander Bullying Intervention (STAC) into a Technology-Based Program.” Phase II STTR grant to Klein Buendel from the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (MD014943; Dr. Aida Midgett from Boise State University, Principal Investigator).

“#4Corners 4Health: A Social Media Cancer Prevention Program for Rural emerging Adults.” R01 grant to Klein Buendel from the National Cancer Institute (CA268037; Dr. David Buller from Klein Buendel and Dr. Andrew Sussman from the University of New Mexico, Multiple Principal Investigators).

“An Interactive Education Program to Reduce High Risk Behavior in Adolescents.” Fast Track STTR grant to Klein Buendel from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (HD110333; Dr. Christopher Houck from Lifespan Health Systems and Rhode Island Hospital, Principal Investigator).

For these new prime projects and two new subaward projects, we are collaborating with primary investigators from the following universities and organizations:

  • Boise State University
  • Colorado State University
  • Emory University
  • Georgetown University
  • Harvard University
  • Penn State University
  • Rhode Island Hospital/Lifespan Health Systems
  • University of Arizona
  • University of Colorado
  • University of New Mexico
  • University of Oregon
  • University of Utah

2022 Publications*

Buller DB, Pagoto S, Henry KL, Baker K, Walkosz BJ, Hillhouse J, Berteletti J, Bibeau J, Kinsey A. Persisting effects of a social media campaign to prevent indoor tanning: a randomized trial. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2022; 31(4):885-892.

Wallace GT, Buller DB, Pagoto S, Berteletti J, Baker KE, Mathis S, Henry KL. Nonmedical prescription drug use among female adolescents: the relative influence of maternal factors, social norms, and perceptions of risk and availability. Drugs (Abingdon, England). 2022. Published online ahead of print. doi: 10.1080/09687637.2022.2028727

Myers VH, Loeb S, Kitt-Lewis E, Jerrod T. Large-scale evaluation of a computer-based learning program to increase prison staff knowledge on geriatric and end-of-life care. Int J Prison Health. 2022. Published online ahead of print. doi: 10.1108/IJPH-08-2021-0078.

Greene MM, Schoeny ME, Berteletti J, Keim SA, Neel ML, Patra K, Smokse S, Breitenstein S. ezPreemie study protocol: a randomized controlled factorial trial testing web-based parent training and coaching with parents of children born very preterm. BMJ Open. 2022;12: e063706. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-063706.

Midgett A, Doumas DM, Buller MK. Posttraining outcomes, acceptability, and technology-based delivery of the STAC Bystander Bullying Intervention teacher module: mixed methods study. JMIR Form Res. 2022 Aug;6(8):e40022. doi: 10.2196/40022.

Buller DB, Pagoto S, Henry KL, Baker K, Walkosz BJ, Hillhouse J, Berteletti J, Bibeau J. Effects of engagement with a social media campaign for mothers to prevent indoor tanning by teens in a randomized trial. J Health Commun. 2022 Jun 3;27(6):394-406.

Buller D, Walkosz B, Henry K, Woodall WG, Pagoto S, Berteletti J, Kinsey A, DiVito J, Baker K, Hillhouse J. Promoting social distancing and COVID-19 vaccine intentions to mothers: randomized comparison of information sources in social media messages. JMIR Infodemiol. 2022 Jul-Dec;2(2):e36210. doi: 10.2196/36210.

Dobbinson SJ, Buller DB, Chamberlain JA, Simmons J, Buller MK. Solar UV measured under built-shade in public parks: findings from a randomized trial in Denver and Melbourne. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Aug 25:19(17):10583. doi: 10.3390/ijerph191710583.

Buller DB, Pagoto S, Walkosz BJ, Woodall WG, Berteletti J, Kinsey A, Henry K, DiVito J. The process of responding to COVID-19 misinformation in a social media feed. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2022. Published online ahead of print. doi: 10.1097/PHH.0000000000001679.

Houck C, Modrowski CA, Hadley W, Barker D, Myers V, Bala K, Wickham B, Jerrod T. A pilot study of a tablet-based emotion regulation intervention for early adolescents. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2022 Oct/Nov;43(8):e505-e514(10). doi: 10.1097/DBP.0000000000001094.

*KB investigators and staff (current or at the time of the project) are indicated in bold type

2022 Conference Presentations

Research analyses and outcomes were presented and disseminated by KB scientists, staff, and their collaborators at the following national and international conferences in 2022:

  • 34th Annual Scientific Sessions of the Eastern Nursing Research Society (March/April)
  • 43rd Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions of the Society of Behavioral Medicine (April)
  • 72nd Annual Conference of the International Communication Association (May)
  • 47th Annual Meeting of the Kettil Bruun Society for Social and Epidemiological Research on Alcohol (May/June)
  • 45th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism (June)
  • National Association of Media Literacy Education Conference (July)
  • State of the Science Congress on Nursing Research (September)
  • Mountain West CTR-IN Annual Meeting (November)